Because of their long, narrow build, they are often nicknamed wiener dog or sausage dog

.There are three types of dachshund, which can be classified by their coats: short-haired, called 'smooth'; long-haired; and wire-haired

Dachshunds come in three sizes: standard, miniature, and kaninchen (German for "rabbit").

Although the standard and miniature sizes are recognized almost universally, the rabbit size is not recognized by all clubs.

An increasingly common size for family pets falls between the miniature and the standard size.

A full-grown standard dachshund averages 16 lb  (7.3 kg)    to 32 lb  (15 kg).

While the miniature variety normally weighs less than 12 lb (5.4 kg).     

According to kennel club standards, the miniature differs from the full-size only by size and weight, thus offspring from miniature parents must never weigh more than the miniature standard to be considered a miniature as well.     While many kennel club size divisions use weight for classification, such as the American Kennel Club, other kennel club standards determine the difference between the miniature and standard by chest circumference; some kennel clubs, such as in Germany, even measure chest circumference in addition to height and weight.

H. L. Mencken said that "A dachshund is a half-dog high and a dog-and-a-half long,"     This characteristic has led them to be quite a recognizable breed, and they are featured in many jokes and cartoons. 

Coat and colour

There are 3 dachshund coat varieties:

1.   Smooth( short hair),   

2.   Longhaired         -     Longhaired dachshunds have a silky coat and short featherings on legs and ears.

3.   Wirehaired         -      Wirehaired dachshunds are the least common coat variety

Dachshunds have a wide variety of colors and patterns, the most common one being red.

Their base coloration can be single-colored (either red or cream), tan pointed (black and tan, chocolate and tan, blue and tan, or isabella and tan), and in wirehaired dogs, a color referred to as wildboar. Patterns such as dapple (merle), sable, brindle and piebald also can occur on any of the base colors. Dachshunds in the same litter may be born in different coat colors depending on the genetic makeup of the parents.

Eye colorand Temperament

Dachshunds are playful, but as hunting dogs can be quite stubborn and are known for their propensity for chasing small animals, birds, and tennis balls with great determination and ferocity.    Many dachshunds are stubborn, making them a challenge to train.

Dachshunds can be aggressive to strangers and other dogs.       Despite this, they are rated in the intelligence of dogs as an average working dog with a persistent ability to follow trained commands 50% of the time or more.      They rank 49th in Stanley Coren's Intelligence of Dogs, being of average working and obedience intelligence. They  have a loud bark.    Some bark quite a lot and may need training to stop, while others will not bark much at all.       Dachshunds are known for their devotion and loyalty to their owners, though they can be standoffish towards strangers.        If left alone too frequently, some dachshunds are prone to separation anxiety and may chew objects in the house to relieve stress.

Dachshunds are burrowers by nature and are likely to burrow in blankets and other items around the house, when bored or tired.

Dachshunds can be difficult to housebreak, and patience and consistency are often needed in this endeavor.

According to the American Kennel Club's breed standards, "the dachshund is clever, lively and courageous to the point of rashness, persevering in above and below ground work, with all the senses well-developed. Any display of shyness is a serious fault."     Their temperament and body language give the impression that they do not know or care about their relatively small size. Like many small hunting dogs, they will challenge a larger dog. Indulged dachshunds may become snappy or extremely obstinate.

Many dachshunds do not like unfamiliar people, and many will growl or bark at them.      Although the dachshund is generally an energetic dog, some are sedate. This dog's behavior is such that it is not the dog for everyone. A bored, untrained dachshund will become destructive    ] If raised improperly and not socialized at a young age, dachshunds can become aggressive or fearful.     They require a caring, loving owner who understands their need for entertainment and exercise.

Dachshunds may not be the best pets for small children. Like any dog, dachshunds need a proper introduction at a young age. Well-trained dachshunds and well-behaved children usually get along fine. Otherwise, they may be aggressive and bite an unfamiliar child, especially one that moves quickly around them or teases them.     However, many dachshunds are very tolerant and loyal to children within their family, but these children should be mindful of the vulnerability of the breed's back.



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